A Study of Vitamins and minerals - Part II



Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body  and the fifth most abundant substance. About 99% is deposited in the  bones and teeth. The remaining 1% is involved in the soft tissues,  intracellular fluids and blood. The major function of Calcium is to act in  cooperation with phosphorus to build and maintain bones and teeth. Another  important function is the storage of the mineral in the bones for use  by the body. The Calcium state of the bones is constantly fluctuating  according to the diet and to the body's needs. The 1% of ionized  Calcium that circulates in the fluids of the body is small, but vital,  to life. It is essential for healthy blood and eases insomnia and its  delicate messenger ions help regulate the heartbeat. Along with  Calcium, magnesium is needed to properly maintain the cardiovascular  system. In addition, Calcium assists in the process of blood  clotting  and helps prevent the accumulation of too much acid or too much  alkali in the blood. It also plays a part in secretion of hormones. It  affects neurotransmitters (serotonin, acetylcholine andnorepinephrine), nerve transmission, muscle growth and muscle contraction. The mineral  acts as a messenger from the cell surface to the inside of the cell and helps  regulate the passage of nutrients in and out of the cell walls.

Calcium may be beneficial for the following ailments: Anemia, Diabetes, Hemophilia, Pernicious anemia, Backache, Fracture,  Osteomalacia, Osteoporosis, Rickets, Colitis, Diarrhea, Dizziness,  Epilepsy, Finger tremors, Insomnia, Irritability, Mental illness,  Nervousness, Parkinson's Disease, Meniere's Syndrome, Cataracts,  Headache, Arteriosclerosis, Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, High LDL  levels, Cancer of the large intestine, Celiac Disease, Constipation,  Hemorrhoids, Worms, Arthritis, Rheumatism, Nephritis, Muscle cramps, Allergies, Common cold, Tuberculosis, Tetany, Nail problems, Acne, Bee  and Spider bites, Sunburn, Stomach ulcers, Brittle teeth, Cavities,  Pyorrhea, Tooth and Gum disorders, Aging Fever, Overweight, Obesity, andToxicity.


Magnesium is an essential mineral that accounts  for about 0.05% of the body's total weight. Magnesium is involved  in many essential metabolic processes. Most is found inside the  cell, where it activates enzymes necessary for the metabolism of  carbohydrates and amino acids. By countering the stimulative effect of  calcium, magnesium plays an important role in neuromuscular contractions. It  also helps regulate the acid-alkaline balance in the body. Magnesium  helps promote absorption and metabolism of other minerals such as  calcium, phosphorus, sodium and potassium. It also helps utilize the B Complex  and Vitamins C and E in the body. It aids during bone growth and  is necessary for proper functioning of the muscles including those of the heart.

Magnesium may be beneficial for the following ailments:

Arteriosclerosis, Atherosclerois, High cholesterol level,  Diabetes, Hypertension, High LDL cholesterol, Fracture, Osteoporosis,  Rickets, Colitis, Diarrhea, Depression, Epilepsy, Mental illness,  Multiple Sclerosis, Nervousness, Neuritis, Neuromuscular Disorders,  Noise Sensitivity, Parkinson's Disease, Tantrums, Hand Tremors, Coronary  thrombosis, Ischemic heart disease, Celiac Disease, Arthritis, KidneyStones,  Oxalate stones, Leg cramps, Muscle weakness, Muscular excitability,  Neuromuscular disorders, Weakness, Psoriasis, Decay,  Vomiting, Alcoholism, Backache, Convulsions, Delirium,  Epilepsy, Kwashiorkor, Overweight, Obesity, PMS, and Polio.


Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral  in the body and is found in every cell. The balance of calcium and  phosphorus is needed for them to be effectively used by the body.  Phosphorus plays a part in almost every chemical reaction within the body  because it is present in every cell. It is important in the utilization of  carbohydrates, fats and protein for growth, maintenance and  repair an mediation, both within and without the cells, and for the  production of energy. It stimulates muscle contractions, including the  regular contractions of the heart muscle. Niacin and riboflavin  cannot be digested unless phosphorus is present. Phosphorus is an essential part  of nucleoproteins, which are responsible for cell division and reproduction. Phosphorus helps prevent the accumulation of too much acid or too much alkali in the blood, assist in the passage of substances through the cell walls and promote the secretion of glandular hormones. It's also needed for healthy nerves and efficient  mental activity. B-Complex Vitamins and many enzymes require phosphorus to function.

Phosphorus may be beneficial for the following ailments:

Fractures, Osteomalacia, Osteoporosis, Rickets, Stunted growth, Colitis, Mental illness, Mental stress, Arteriosclerosis, Atherosclerosis,  Arthritis, Stone arthritic conditions, Leg cramps, Tooth and gum  disorders, Alcoholism, Backache, Cancer prevention, Pregnancy and Stress.


Potassium is an essential mineral found mainly in the intracellular fluid (98%), where it is the primary positive  ion force. Potassium constitutes 5% of the total mineral content of  the body. Potassium and sodium help regulate water balance within the  body, that is, they help regulate the distribution of fluids on either  side of the cell walls and preserve proper alkalinity of the body  fluids. Potassium also regulates the transfer of nutrients to the cells.  Potassium unites with phosphorus to send oxygen to the brain and also  functions with calcium in the regulation of neuromuscular activity. The  synthesis of muscle protein and protein from the amino acids in the  blood requires potassium. Protein and carbohydrate metabolism are  dependent upon potassium. It stimulates the kidneys to eliminate poisonous  body wastes. Potassium works with sodium to help normalize the  heartbeat.

Potassium may be beneficial for the following ailments:

Angina, Pectoris, Diabetes, Hypertension, Hypoglycemia, Hypoglycemia, Mononucleosis, Stroke, Fracture, Colitis, Diarrhea,  Alcoholism, Insomnia, Poor reflexes, Polio, Fever, Headache, Congestive  heart failure, Myocardial infarction, Constipation, Worms,  Arthritis, Gout, Allergies, Impaired muscle activity, Muscular Dystrophy,  Rheumatism, Sterility, Acne, Burns, Dermatitis, Colic Gastroenteritis,  Tooth and Gum disorders, Cancer, Impaired growth and Stress.

Trace Minerals:

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Boron: Reduces Calcium loss from bones.

Cesium: Enters cancel cells and produces alkaline condition, causing cancer cells to die.

Chloride: Is an essential mineral occurring in the body  mainly in compound form with sodium or potassium.

Chromium: This mineral is now being recognized as important in carbohydrate metabolism. Organic chromium is an active  ingredient of a substance called GTF (glucose tolerance factor); niacin and  amino acids complete the formula. Chromium stimulates the activity of  enzymes involved in the metabolism of glucose for energy and the  synthesis of fatty acids and cholesterol. It appears to increase the  effectiveness of insulin and its ability to handle glucose, preventing  hypoglycemia or diabetes.

Cobalt: Is an essential mineral and is an integral part of  Vitamin B12. Cobalt acts as a substitute for manganese in activating a  number of enzymes in the body. It replaces zinc in some enzymes and  activates others as well. It is necessary for normal functioning and  maintenance of red blood cells, as well as all other body cells. It is  present in ocean and sea vegetation, but is lacking in almost all land  grown, green foods.

Copper: Is found in all body tissues. During growth, the  largest concentrations occur in the developing tissues. It is also  one of the most important blood antioxidants and prevents the  rancidity of polyunsaturated fatty acids and helps the cell membranes  remain healthy.

Fluorine: In its active form, fluoride, it is present in the soil,  water, plants and all animal tissue. Minute amounts are  found in nearly every human tissue, especially in the skeleton and teeth.

Gallium: May reduce brain cancers.

Germanium: Highly efficient electrical initiator; aids in  oxygen utilization; enhances immune system function.

Gold: May reduce active joint inflammation.

Iodine: Is a trace mineral, most of which is converted into  iodide in the body. It aids in the  development and functioning of the  thyroid gland and is an integral part of the thyroxine, a principal  hormone produced by the thyroid gland. Iodine plays an important  role in regulating the body's production of energy, promotes  growth and development and stimulates the rate of metabolism, helping  the body burn excess fat. Mentality, speech and the condition of hair,  nails, skin and teeth are dependent upon a well functioning thyroid gland.

Iron: Is a mineral concentrate in the blood, which ispresent in every living cell. It is the mineral that is found in the largest amounts in  the blood. It is involved in respiration by being the main carrier  vehicle for getting oxygen to all the cells in the body. It is essential  to the oxidation of fatty acids.

Lanthanum: May reduce chronic fatigue diseases.

Lithium: Plays a key role in eliminating clinical depression.

Manganese: Plays an important role, as an antioxidant, in  the prevention of toxic oxygen forms. It may play a part in the  degenerative process called aging. It also plays a role in activating numerous  enzymes that are necessary for utilization of choline, biotin, thiamine  and Vitamin C complex. It is a catalyst in the synthesis of fatty acids,  cholesterol and mucopolysaccharides.

Molybdenum: It is found in practically all plant and animal  tissues, but very scarcely in the earth itself. The final stages of  making urine are aided by molybdenum, which also helps promote  normal cell function.

Nickel: Is an essential trace mineral found in the body.  Human and animal tests show that nickel may be a factor in hormone,  lipid and membrane metabolism and cell membrane integrity.  Significant amounts are found in DNA and RNA and nickel may act  as a stabilizer of these nucleic acids.

Selenium: Is an essential mineral found in minute amounts  in the body. It is one of the essential body substances that can be used  in a preventive manner for many diseases, including cancer,  arteriosclerosis, stroke, cirrhosis, arthritis and emphysema. Selenium  functions either alone or with enzymes. It is a natural antioxidant that  protects against free radicals and appears to preserve elasticity of tissue  that becomes less elastic with aging. All diseases that are associated  with aging are affected by the workings of Selenium.

Silicon: Present in the tissues of skin, fingernails,bones, lungs,  trachea, lymph nodes, tendons and aorta. The lungs have  highest concentration because of their exposure to the air.  

Silver: Kills over 650 disease causing organisms; systemic  disinfectant and immune support; subdues inflammation and promotes  healing; anti-bacterial; anti-viral; anti-fungal.

Sodium: Is an essential mineral that is found in every cell  in the body, but predominantly in the extracellular fluids, the vascular  fluids (blood pH) within the blood vessels, arteries, veins and  capillaries, and the intestinal fluids surrounding the cells. It  functions with  Potassium to equalize the acid-alkali factor in the blood.  Along with potassium, it helps regulate water balance within the body and it helps  regulate the distribution of fluids on either side of thecell walls.

Strontium: Can replace Calcium in many organisms including man;  essential trace element.

Sulfur: Important mineral used in several amino acids with the body;  involved in functions of hemoglobin, insulin hormone, adrenal hormones,  enzymes and antibodies.

Tin: Animal studies show deficiencies cause poor growth and  poor feeding, hearing loss and male pattern baldness. May have  cancer prevention properties.

Vanadium: Aids in glucose (blood sugar) oxidation and  transport. Enhances insulin effectiveness (aids with blood sugar problems),  decreases cholesterol production, increases effectiveness of heart  muscle contraction, and has Anti-Cancer properties.

Zinc: Is an essential trace mineral occurring in the body  in larger amounts than any other trace element except iron. It is  present in all tissues. Zinc is known for its ability to fight disease and  to protect the immune system. It is involved in the Krebs cycle and  energy production. More recently, blindness in the elderly has been found to be  arrested by zinc. It is also credited with increasing male sex drive and  potency because of its ability to regulate testosterone in the prostate.

Currently there are no known functions in the human body utilizing these minerals: Barium, Bismuth, Bromine, Cadmium, Cerium,  Indium, Iridium, Niobium, Osmium, Palladium, Platinum, Rhodium, Rubidium,  Tellurium, Titanium, Tungsten, Uranium, Zirconium.

Contributed by: asharaj53 @ gmail.com

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